Refractive Errors: The most common vision disorders in children are refractive errors. Refractive error can commonly be corrected with eyeglasses or contact lenses.
- Myopia – nearsightedness
- Hyperopia – farsightedness
- Astigmatism – an irregularity in the shape of the cornea or lens that causes blurry vision at all distances.
Amblyopia: Amblyopia (“lazy eye”) is the most common cause of vision loss in children.
Strabismus: A misalignment of the eyes that can lead to the development of amblyopia.
These childhood vision disorders are rather easily diagnosed in the course of a regular comprehensive eye exam and the sooner they are detected, the sooner they can be treated. If undiagnosed and untreated, vision disorders can affect a child’s development and learning in school.