Awareness is the first and most important step in fighting AMD
This message is rather long but important because in the United States:
• AMD is a leading cause of vision loss and blindness in adults over age 50
• 11 million people have AMD
• 200,000 new cases of AMD occur each year
• 15%-25% of people age 65-74 have AMD
• 35%-40% of people over 74 have AMD
What is AMD? It is a deterioration of the eye’s macula; the part of the eye providing sharp, central vision. The macula is what allows you to thread a needle, read small print, see street signs, recognize faces, etc.
Causes of AMD: Even though the exact cause of AMD is unknown, the following factors may place you at a higher risk for AMD:
• Family history
• Being white – almost 90% of Americans with AMD are white
• Poor diet and/or obesity
• High levels of blue light (UV) exposure from sunlight and lower levels from electronic devices
• Wear sunglasses with UVA/UVB protection outdoors
• Indoors, consider wearing glasses with blue light filtering while using electronic devices
• Eat a diet low in saturated fat and rich in antioxidants, green leafy vegetables, and fish high in omega-3 fatty acids
Signs and Symptoms of AMD:
• A blind spot in the center of your field of vision
• Finding it difficult to adapt to low light situations
• Difficulty in reading, driving, and recognizing faces
Treatment and Cures for AMD:
• There is no cure for AMD but treatments may prevent severe vision loss or slow the progression.
• Studies have shown that particular vitamins, omega-3 fatty acids, and a combination of lutein and zeaxanthin can slow the progression and decrease the risk of vision loss in patients with AMD.
The Bottom Line:
• Regular comprehensive eye exams are critical in detecting early signs of AMD.
• If you have concerns or questions about AMD, please make an appointment to see Dr. Tabak